Southampton Communities: Indian

The second in my series of the many different cultures that go to make up my city.

Derber room

Kuti's Royal Thai Restaurant

As a significant part of our Southampton population, I would need to write a book to explain all the different groups plus a history of India, which I don’t feel qualified to do.

Definition of Indian

There are many living in Southampton who define themselves as Indian. Indians immigrated here way before the Partition of 1947 that divided their land into India and Pakistan. Many Indians living here have never even lived in India nor been on holiday there. Indians might have settled here from Australia, Fiji or Africa. Many Ugandan Asians, that came as refugees in the 1970s, might define themselves as African Indian. Many Indians have been here for generations and although they might be British-born and fully integrated, define themselves as Indian by their strong culture and historic roots. They might call themselves British Asian, English Indian, British-born Indian, or define themselves by their language Hindu, Gujarati, their region – Punjabi or Keralan for instance or their religion Sikh, Indian Muslim, Jain, Brahman, Indian Buddhist etc. All foreigners who have come to settle in Southampton more recently are referred to as Freshies by the people who have lived here a long time. One usually tries to guess by the clothes worn, from the way trousers are pressed to sweater-styles as to what group they belong to – but this isn’t always a correct assumption. Many who have just arrived from India, are often more western in their dress than people who settled here in the sixties. More often than not it is by their accent.

I shall mention the Pakistani and other communities at a later time but the predominant group in Southampton are Sikhs which make up about 1.3% of our city’s population.

Sikhs

Maharajah Dulip Singh
Maharaja Duleep Singh 1845

In the 2012 census 2799 Sikhs were listed as living in Southampton.

We have to go back to the time when the British colonised India and Prime Minister Disraeli bestowed on Queen Victoria the grandiose title: Empress of India.

The first Sikh to arrive in Southampton was the Maharaja Duleep Singh in 1854. He visited Queen Victoria frequently at her Osborne House residence on the Isle of Wight and she became Godmother to his children. Queen Victoria later commissioned talented Indian architects, particularly Ram Singh, to transform parts of her residence and gardens into a ‘flavour of India’. Today much of Britain has a flavour of India, from our seaside piers to rose gardens – not to mention adopted words in our language and our cuisine, which British call ‘curry’. Southampton is a prime example of this flavour with a beautiful Royal Pier which has been leased to Indian restaurateur Kuti, and spacious parks with tropical plants.

People raised here also greet each other with the phrase Acha Mush – Acha a slang word from hindi for ‘I’m good’ and Mush (of Romany origin, meaning mate) which is now an affectionate slang term for a fellow Sotonian.

royal victoria Hosptial Netley

Netley-Sikh-troops
Sikh troops recuperating at Netley from injuries sustained in the first world war. Photo thanks: Marion Ivey/The Guardian

Queen Victoria had a large military hospital built in Southampton in response to the Crimean War. This she visited frequently by sailing boat from her Isle of Wight palace. The hospital was later known as Spike Island (the remains of which can still be visited in the Queen Victoria Country Park). In 1894 one entire floor of the main building was given over to Indian troops, one million of whom served in the British Military.

In the hospital grounds, a concrete platform, or ghat, was built at the side of a stream for cremations, after which the ashes would be tipped into the stream and borne back, spiritually, to join the waters of the Ganges.

Gradually Sikhs settled in Southampton from this time in dribs and drabs. Their caste system fit in well with the Victorian class system. It was mainly middle class Indians that arrived in great numbers in the 1950s and sixties to take up work in Southampton law firms or as doctors in the National Health Service. The photos immediately above are of Sikh festivals and two temples (Gurdwaras) in the Bevois Town area of Southampton.

SOL5.9.15 Juniper 14

I have happy childhood memories growing up in a predominantly Indian community. My best friend’s brother married an Indian film star and our street threw out the red carpet, celebrating the wedding for three days and nights. This beautiful celebrity taught me and other children how to dance, Bollywood-style. It is my Indian neighbours I have to thank for opening my eyes to libraries, teaching me to swim, yoga, how to make a perfectly round chapati and the perfect cup of tea.

Further reading:

The Sikhs in Southampton by Ranjeet Singh Shahi

Spike Island – Memory of a Military Hospital by Southampton writer Philip Hoare (Harper Collins paperback)

Corrections: I do not profess to be an expert on the cultures that make up my City. I am happy to take any corrections or additions to my posts.

If you read General G Tony’s comment, you will realise that I have had to adjust my post. I assumed that British piers were influenced by Indian architecture. I have been informed now that they were more influenced by Versailles in a Rococo fashion. However the Prince Regent was a great fan in of Indian architecture and he himself influenced our seaside culture.

 

 

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20 thoughts on “Southampton Communities: Indian

  1. Excellent post. The piers actually originated from the 17th century Vauxhall Gardens in south London near Waterloo. They were called Vauxhall Piers to begin with. Their architecture was Rococo. But Indian influences came in with the spread of Empire. The design of Brighton Pavilion for instance came from the sketches and paintings of an uncle and nephew , Thomas and William Daniell from Chertsey who followed the armies of the East India Company as they conquered India. Brighton Pavilion twisted and changed the whole meaning and use of the Indian architecture of the Moghuls.The prayer minarets of Brighton Pavilion for instance are chimneys.

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  2. To my shame,I didn’t know most of that. I remember the Ugandan Asians arriving in Southampton, but the only Indians we knew for many years were the Fijian family in our road whose son was in my sister’s class at school.

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  3. We enjoy a wonderful relationship here in the Bay Area with members of the Sikh community, as well as Easr Indians from both north and south India. I think such amity is because of their willingness to keep their own traditions but also assimilate into the American culture. This os not true with the Mainland Chinese who have immigrated here but have little interest in becoming a part of the greater community at large. Very nice post!

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  4. I had a dear friend who worked with the Peace Corps in India, in the Punjab. He loved the culture and the people, and my recipe box still is filled with things like Gosht Dopiaza.

    I’d been introduced to Indian culture when I was in high school, and our second exchange student was Indian.I believe she was from Hyderabad — can’t quite remember. In any event, even though I was midwestern through and through, I learned a good bit about the culture from her: at least, about her culture. India’s a big, diverse country, too.

    Later, I worked with Dr. Jagmeet Soin in our County Hospital’s nuclear medicine department. He went back to india a couple of years ago after a great career here. We have an active and appreciated Sikh temple in Houston — Gurudwara Sahib of Houston — and the largest Hindu temple in Texas is also here.

    And, since I seem to be on a roll, Nandita Berry, an Indian immigrant, came here, became an attorney, and ended up as Texas’s Secretary of State.

    All this adds up to only one conclusion: I think I could find a neighborhood in Southhampton where I’d feel right at home!

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